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District of Beersheba (Bir As-Saba) - One of the Palestine Districts-1948, find here important information and profiles from District of Beersheba (Bir As-Saba).
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Sayyid Salem Abou Msameh Freih Abu Meddien Sheikh Freih Abu Meddien Abdullah Franji Jamal Abou Samhadana        

District of Beersheba (Bir As-Saba)

One of the Palestine Districts 1948, find here important information and profiles from District of Beersheba (Bir As-Saba).

Where Was The District of Beersheba (Bir As-Saba) Located?

District of Beersheba (Bir As-Saba) is located in the south part of Palestine 1948, south of Hebron District, south of Gaza District, as shown on the map.

The Negev Triangle of 1948

Of the 418 Palestinian towns and villages, destroyed or depopulated in 1948 and after, some 48 lay in the Negev area; 3 in the Beersheba District, and 45 in the Gaza District.

In the Beersheba District, the villages of al-Imara (El Imara), al-Jammama (Jammameh) and al-Khalasa (El Khalasa) constitutes the doomed Palestinian villages. But in the Gaza District, among the 45 wiped-out Palestinian villages, the towns and villages of al-Faluja, Iraq Suwaydan and Iraq al-Manshiyya have entered history for two reasons: -

The ferocity of the battles which took place between the Egyptian army and the Israeli invaders, first; and the presence of many prominent young Egyptian officers, including Major Gamal Abdul Nasser, later the Egyptian President and the Pan-Arab nationalism’s hero, who battled the Israeli invaders and resisted the ensuing siege of Egyptian troops at al-Faluja Pocket; a siege that turned out to be a case of great embarrassment to Cairo and other Arab capitals.

Many Jewish settlements and factories were to be built after 1948 by the newcomers to commemorate these battles at which Nasser and his compatriots had taken part.

Within hindsight, the Israeli press began reporting, in the wake of the second uprising against occupation, on the dwindling fortunes of the Negev’s colonies and industrial establishments, which were built in the aftermath of the 1948 war. For example, Ha’aretz reported last year a telling story about the laying off of hundreds of workers from a factory of clothes, which was built in the early 1950s to commemorate the “ defeat of Nasser’s army”, in the words of Pinhas Saphir, then Israel’s minister of industry. Saphir drove a Chilean millionaire in the early hours of a summer day in 1950s to a remote spot in the Negev in an attempt to fool the latter that he was driving him to a suburb of Tel Aviv. Failing to convince his interlocutor in the first trip, he drove him to the same destination again asking him to build the factory there. When the businessman hesitated to have an industrial establishment be built in the desert, Saphir ordered him on behalf of Ben-Gurion this time to go ahead with the project, saying not far from here the Israeli army had defeated Colonel Nasser’s army and we want to commemorate this historic event. In fact the collapsing Israeli economy has been highlighted lately by endless press reports; it became a worry-some issue in the election of January 28, 03.

Notwithstanding the outcome of the Negev’s battles of 1948, the going developments in occupied Palestine in the wake of the Palestinian Intifada against occupation had its roots in the catastrophe of 1948. In retrospect, it is worthwhile touring the Negev Triangle of 1948 ahead of the systematic destruction of 48 Palestinian towns and villages.

When Ben-Gurion ordered in 1948 the Israeli army to break through the triangle of the Egyptian forces encircling the Negev from three sides, these forces in Palestine were grouping in three blocs, which each one had been stationed on one side of the triangle in charge of certain task: -

Firstly, the western side, paralleling the Mediterranean coast and extending from ‘Rafah’ and ‘Majdal’ crossing Gaza was manned by the main bloc of the Egyptian army led by the commander in chief of the Egyptian forces in Palestine, Major General Mohammad Ahmad El Mawawi as of the beginning of the operations until October-then removed from his post leaving it to General Ahmad Fuad Sadeq, who arrived on 20 October to the HQ in El Areesh (behind Rafah).

The force was composed of 11 infantry battalions backed by three artillery battalions and engineering units, as well as signal and administrative. In fact it is difficult to make serious valuation of it, as the most of the formations were incomplete-- some of which were no more than organizational skeletons, which lacked officers and soldiers, as well as adequate arms and ammunition and means of transport.

Secondly, the second –eastern-side of the Egyptian military triangle, south of Palestine, was within the domain of the volunteering forces, which had taken part in the war ahead of the Egyptian Army. It walked from ‘Ouja’ to ‘Aslouj’ to ‘Beersheba’ and ‘Hebron’; its vanguard arrived in the outskirts of Jerusalem. The volunteers were a military force, but, however, very difficult to describe with scientific or even descriptive accuracy.

These forces--as indicated by its name-- comprised soldiers (many of them were Muslim Brothers) who volunteered to fight in Palestine, or officers, filled with zeal, had been ordered to volunteer. And when this occurred, it was believed that their force was all what Cairo had in mind for Palestine, as the entrance of the Egyptian army was not decided upon yet.

As for the Prime Minister ‘Mahmoud Fahmy al-Naqrashy’, sending the volunteers was enough to absolve Egypt from further responsibility towards Palestine. But he was overwhelmed by a royal decision for Egypt to enter the war.

However, it turned out that the volunteers had penetrated deep, reaching the Jerusalem’s outskirts. Notwithstanding the fact that they did not take part in big battles, their speedy advance gained them a resounding reputation, especially that their leader was the highly respectable and inspiring officer, Qaem Maqam “Ahmad Abdul Aziz”. However, the reputation of this force and the character of it leader were to face a real danger, because of its speedy advance to the extent that its logistic lines had extended for 80 km.

Thirdly, the third side of the triangle of the Egyptian forces was the so- called line of the north Negev; this side in fact was the wide base of the turned over triangle; it extended from Beit Jibreen, to transverse the central Negev up to the Majdal.

Naqab Traditional Dress

Beersheba (Bir As-Saba) City

Beer Al Sab’a occupied by the Jews on October 21, 1948; all 5,570 Palestinians were evicted, their homes occupied and their town renamed Be’er Shava.

Villages of Beersheba (Bir As-Saba) District:

  1. Abdah

    Abdah located 31 miles south of Beersheba. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Sedeboqer built on its 133 acres.

  2. Abu Abdoun
  3. Abu Abdoun/Hkuk
  4. Abu Amrah
  5. Abu Bakra
  6. Abu Bakrah/Ghawali
  7. Abu Dhaher
  8. Abu Ghalion/Jarawin
  9. Abu Ghalyun
  10. Abu Grainat/Zullam
  11. Abu al-Hussain/Ghawali
  12. Abu Jabir
  13. Abu Jraiban/Saadneh
  14. Abu Jugaim/Alamat
  15. Abu Juwayed/Zullam
  16. Abu Kaff/QDayrat
  17. Abu Khammash
  18. Abu Khatleh/Ghawali
  19. Abu Libbeh/Alamat
  20. Abu Middain
  21. Abu Muailiq/Hasanat
  22. Abu Rawwaa
  23. Abu Rbai'a/Zullam
  24. Abu Rqayiq/QDayrat
  25. Abu Shalhoub/Ghawali
  26. Abu Shunnar/Alamat
  27. Abu Sitteh/Ghawali
  28. Abu Sousain/Najamat
  29. Abu Suailiq/Jarawin
  30. Abu Suhaiban/Najamat
  31. Abu Tlul
  32. Abu Yehya/Jarawin
  33. 'Amrah
  34. 'Arab al-'Asiyat
  35. 'Arab al-'Awadhera
  36. 'Ar'ara
  37. al-Asam/QDayrat
  38. Asluj PS

    Aslouj located 18.6 miles south of Beersheba. Population: 500, semi-nomadic, surrounding lands used for barley growing. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlements of Mash’abbe Sade and Rvivim built on its stolen lands.

  39. al-Assad/Hkuk
  40. 'Atawna
  41. Atawneh/Ntoush
  42. 'Ateer/Umm al-Heeran
  43. 'Aujan
  44. 'Awja Hafir PS

    Awjaal Hafir located 46 miles SW of Beersheba. Population: 255. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Qezi’ot built in 1953 on its stolen lands.

  45. Bani Okbeh
  46. al-Bat
  47. al-Batel
  48. Bdinat
  49. Beli
  50. Bir Hadaj
  51. Bir al-Hamam
  52. Bir al-Mishhash
  53. al-Buheirah
  54. al-Buraiqi/Hkuk
  55. Dhahiyah
  56. al-Dreijat
  57. al-Far'a
  58. Faraheen
  59. Franji
  60. al-Fukara/Irteimat
  61. GalazinTayaha
  62. Gatatweh
  63. Ghamr PS
  64. Ghazzah
  65. al-Ghra
  66. Hamayteh
  67. al-Humrah
  68. Hura
  69. al-Huzaiyil/Hkuk
  70. al-Huzayil
  71. al-'Imara
  72. al-Jammama

    Al Jammamah located 24 miles NW of Beersheba. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Ruhama built on its 164 acres.

  73. Janabib/Zullam
  74. Kahlah
  75. Karkur
  76. Kesseifah
  77. Kh. al-Watan
  78. al-Khalasa

    Al Khalasah located 9.3 miles SW of Beersheeba. Population: 150. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Rivivim built on its 86 acres.

  79. Khashm Zenna
  80. al-Ksar/Najamat
  81. Kurnub PS

    Kurnob located 25 miles south of Beersheba. Population: 155. Obliterated in 1948, with the Jewish settlement of Dimona built on its stolen lands.

  82. Laquiya
  83. al-Maghasibeh
  84. Masamereh/Ramadeen
  85. Masoudiyeen
  86. Mathakeer
  87. al-Mazbah
  88. Mohamediyeen
  89. al-Motaher
  90. al-Mukaimen
  91. Mureiat
  92. al-Musa'idiyyah
  93. Nabaat
  94. al-Nuwairi/Saadneh
  95. al-Omour/Ghawali
  96. Qasr al-Sirr
  97. Rahat
  98. Rakhamah
  99. Rawashdeh
  100. Rawaytheh
  101. Rummamneh
  102. al-Sadeer
  103. al-Sani/Najamat
  104. al-Sani/QDayrat
  105. Saraheen
  106. Sawakhneh
  107. Sheqib al-Salam
  108. Shlalyeen
  109. Sho'our/Ramadeen
  110. al-Sirr
  111. al-Smeeri
  112. al-Soufi/Najamat
  113. Subaihat
  114. Subhiyeen
  115. al-Surrah
  116. Swayween
  117. al-Tawil
  118. Tel Arad
  119. Tel al-Milh
  120. Tel al-Saba
  121. Tlaa' Rashid
  122. Umm Btain/Abu Kaff
  123. Umm Mitnan
  124. Umm Numeilah
  125. Umm Rashrash
  126. Umm Rtam
  127. Umm Rtam/al-Shahba
  128. al-Umour
  129. Urour
  130. Wadi al-Mishash
  131. Wadi al-Na'im
  132. Zarabeh
  133. al-Za'roura
  134. al-Zrai'i
  135. al-Zraiye/Ghawali
Source: Palestine 1948
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