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Scientists and Scholars
Alphabetical listing of selected Arab/Muslim Scientists and Scholars
al-Baghdadi - Born in Baghdad, Abdel Latif Bin Yusuf al-Baghdadi specialized in the study of skeleton, and corrected many earlier misconceptions about the skeleton. al-Baghdadi
Born in Baghdad, Abdel Latif Bin Yusuf al-Baghdadi specialized in the study of the skeleton, and corrected many earlier misconceptions about the skeleton.
Ibn al-Baitar - Abu Muhammad Abdallah Ibn Ahmad Ibn al-Baitar Dhiya al-Din al-Malaqi, one of the greatest scientists of Muslim Spain, greatest pharmacist of the Middle Ages. Ibn al-Baitar
Abu Muhammad Abdallah Ibn Ahmad Ibn al-Baitar Dhiya al-Din al-Malaqi was one of the greatest scientists of Muslim Spain and was the greatest botanist and pharmacist of the Middle Ages.
Abu Abdallah al-Battani - Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan al-Battani al-Harrani was born around 858 C.E. in Harran. Would you like to know about al-Battani? Abu Abdallah al-Battani
Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan al-Battani al-Harrani was born around 858 C.E. in Harran, and according to one account, in Battan, a State of Harran.
al-Biruni - Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King Mahmood Ghaznawi, 11th century C.E. Abu Raihan al-Biruni
Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King Mahmood Ghaznawi, who was one of the famous Muslim kings of the 11th century C.E.
al-Buzjani - Abul Wafa Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Yahya Ibn Ismail al-Buzjani was born in Buzjan, Nishapur in 940 C.E. Great mathematician and astronomer at Baghdad. Abul Wafa al-Buzjani
Abul Wafa Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Yahya Ibn Ismail al-Buzjani was born in Buzjan, Nishapur in 940 C.E. He flourished as a great mathematician and astronomer at Baghdad and died in 997/998 C.E.
al-Farabi - Abu Nasr Mohammad Ibn al-Farakh al-Farabi was born in a small village Wasij, near Farab in Turkistan in 259 A.H. (870 C.E.). Abul Nasr al-Farabi
Abu Nasr Mohammad Ibn al-Farakh al-Farabi was born in a small village Wasij, near Farab in Turkistan in 259 A.H. (870 C.E.). His parents were originally of Persian descent, but his ancestors had migrated to Turkistan.
al-Farghani - Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad al-Farghani, born in Farghana, was one of the most distinguished astronomers in the service of al-Mamun and his successors. al-Farghani
Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathir al-Farghani, born in Farghana, Transoxiana, was one of the most distinguished astronomers in the service of al-Mamun and his successors.
al-Ghazali - Abu Hamid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Shafi'i al-Ghazali was born in 1058 C.E. in Khorasan, Iran. Abu Hamid al-Ghazali
Abu Hamid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Shafi'i al-Ghazali was born in 1058 C.E. in Khorasan, Iran. His father died while he was still very young but he had the opportunity of getting education in the prevalent curriculum at Nishapur and Baghdad.
al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham - Abu Ali Hasan Ibn al-Haitham was one of the most eminent physicists, whose contributions to optics and the scientific methods are outstanding. al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham
Abu Ali Hasan Ibn al-Haitham was one of the most eminent physicists, whose contributions to optics and the scientific methods are outstanding.
Jabir Ibn Hayyan - Generally known as the father of chemistry. Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan, sometimes called al-Harrani and al-Sufi, was the son of the druggist (Attar). Jabir Ibn Hayyan
The alchemist Geber of the Middle Ages, is generally known as the father of chemistry. Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan, sometimes called al-Harrani and al-Sufi, was the son of the druggist (Attar).
al-Idrisi - Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abdallah Ibn Idris al-Qurtubi al-Hasani, was bom in Ceuta, Spain, in 1099 C.E. He was educated in Cordova. al-Idrisi
Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abdallah Ibn Idris al-Qurtubi al-Hasani, was bom in Ceuta, Spain, in 1099 C.E. He was educated in Cordova.
Hunayn Ibn Ishaq - A physician of the early Abbasid period, a time of active translation from Greek and Roman to Arabic. Would you like to know about Hunayn Ibn Ishaq? Hunayn Ibn Ishaq
A physician of the early Abbasid period, a time of active translation from Greek and Roman to Arabic.
Ibn Jazla - Abu Ali Yahya Bin Issa Bin Jazla was born in Baghdad in 1074. He wrote two books on medicine; (Taqween al- Abdan) and (Minhaj al- Bayan). Ibn Jazla
Abu Ali Yahya Bin Issa Bin Jazla was born in Baghdad in 1074. He wrote two books on medicine; “Taqween al- Abdan” (Correcting the Body) and “Minhaj al- Bayan” (Methods of Correction).
Ibn Khaldun - Abd al-Rahman Ibn Mohammad is generally known as Ibn Khaldun after a remote ancestor. Would you like to know about Ibn Khaldun? Ibn Khaldun
Abd al-Rahman Ibn Mohammad is generally known as Ibn Khaldun after a remote ancestor. His parents, originally Yemenite Arabs, had settled in Spain, but after the fall of Seville, had migrated to Tunisia.
al-Khawarizmi - Abu Abdullah Mohammad Ibn Musa al-Khawarizmi was born at Khawarizm (Kheva), south of Aral sea. Would you like to know about al-Khwarizmi? al-Khawarizmi
Abu Abdullah Mohammad Ibn Musa al-Khawarizmi was born at Khawarizm (Kheva), south of Aral sea. Very little is known about his early life, except for the fact that his parents had migrated to a place south of Baghdad.
al-Kindi - Abu Yousuf Yaqub Ibn Ishaq al-Kindi was born at Kufa around 800 C.E. Al-Kindi was a contemporary of al-Mamun, al-Mu'tasim and al-Mutawakkil. al-Kindi
Abu Yousuf Yaqub Ibn Ishaq al-Kindi was born at Kufa around 800 C.E. His father was an official of Haroon al-Rashid. Al-Kindi was a contemporary of al-Mamun, al-Mu'tasim and al-Mutawakkil and flourished largely at Baghdad.
Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi - Physician of the late Abbasid period. This was the phase of original contributions of Arab and Muslim scholars to science. Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi
A physician of the late Abbasid period. This was the phase of original contributions of Arab and Muslim scholars to science, as compared to the period of translations earlier.
Ibn Masawayh - A physician in Baghdad during the early Abbasid period, he was rector of Dar Al Hikma which was established by the Caliph al-Ma’moun in 832AD. Ibn Masawayh
A physician in Baghdad during the early Abbasid period, he was rector of Dar Al Hikma (House of Wisdom) which was established by the Caliph al-Ma’moun in 832AD.
Abul Hasan Ali al-Masu'di - A descendant of Abdallah Ibn Masu'd, a companion of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). An expert geographer, a physicist and historian. Abul Hasan Ali al-Masu'di
A descendant of Abdallah Ibn Masu'd, a companion of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). An expert geographer, a physicist and historian, died at Cairo, in 957 C.E.
Abu al-Hasan al-Mawardi - A great jurist, mohaddith, sociologist and an expert in Political Science. He was a jurist in the school of Fiqh. Abu al-Hasan al-Mawardi
A great jurist, mohaddith, sociologist and an expert in Political Science. He was a jurist in the school of Fiqh and his book Al-Hawi on the principles of jurisprudence is held in high repute.
Ibn al-Nafis - A famous Damascene physician, was born in 607 A.H. of Damascus. He donated his library of books to Baghdad’s al-Mansour Hospital. Ibn al-Nafis
A famous Damascene physician, was born in 607 A.H. of Damascus. He donated his library of books to Baghdad’s al-Mansour Hospital.
Thabit Ibn Qurra - Was born in the year 836 C.E. at Harran (present Turkey). He contributed to several branches of science, notably mathematics, astronomy and mechanics. Thabit Ibn Qurra
Was born in the year 836 C.E. at Harran (present Turkey). He contributed to several branches of science, notably mathematics, astronomy and mechanics, in addition to translating a large number of works from Greek to Arabic. Thabit died at Baghdad in 901 C.E.
Abu Bakr al-Razi - Was born at Ray, Iran. Initially, he was interested in music but later on he learnt medicine, mathematics, astronomy, chemistry and philosophy. Abu Bakr al-Razi
Was born at Ray, Iran. Initially, he was interested in music but later on he learnt medicine, mathematics, astronomy, chemistry and philosophy from a student of Hunayn Ibn Ishaq, who was well versed in the ancient Greek, Persian and Indian systems of medicine and other subjects.
Jalal al-Din al-Rumi - Jalal al-Din Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Husain al-Rumi was born in 604 A.H. (1207/8 C.E.) at Balkh (now Afghanistan). Jalal al-Din al-Rumi
Jalal al-Din Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Husain al-Rumi was born in 604 A.H. (1207/8 C.E.) at Balkh (now Afghanistan).
Ibn Rushd - Abu'l Waleed Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Rushd, known as Averroes in the West, was born in 1128 C.E. in Cordova, where his father and grandfather had both been judges. Ibn Rushd
Abu'l Waleed Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Rushd, known as Averroes in the West, was born in 1128 C.E. in Cordova, where his father and grandfather had both been judges.
Ibn Sina - Abu Ali al-Hussain Ibn Abdallah Ibn Sina was born in 980 C.E. at Afshana near Bukhara. The young Bu Ali received his early education in Bukhara. Ibn Sina
Abu Ali al-Hussain Ibn Abdallah Ibn Sina was born in 980 C.E. at Afshana near Bukhara. The young Bu Ali received his early education in Bukhara, and by the age of ten had become well versed in the study of the Qur'an and various sciences.
Abul Hasan al-Tabari - This accomplished Hakim was the tutor of the unparalleled physician Zakariya al-Razi. Luck favoured the disciple more than the teacher in terms of celebrity. Abul Hasan al-Tabari
This accomplished Hakim was the tutor of the unparalleled physician Zakariya al-Razi. Luck favoured the disciple more than the teacher in terms of celebrity. As compared to Razi people know very little about his teacher Ali.
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi - Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan Nasir al-Din al-Tusi was born in Tus (Khurasan) in 1201 C.E. He learnt sciences and philosophy. Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan Nasir al-Din al-Tusi was born in Tus (Khurasan) in 1201 C.E. He learnt sciences and philosophy from Kamal al-Din Ibn Yunus and others.
Abul Qasim al-Zahrawi - Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas al-Zahrawi (known in the west as Abulcasis) was born in 936 C.E. in Zahra in the neighbourhood of Cordova. Abul Qasim al-Zahrawi
Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas al-Zahrawi (known in the west as Abulcasis) was born in 936 C.E. in Zahra in the neighbourhood of Cordova. He became one of the most renowned surgeons of the Muslim era and was physician to King Al-Hakam-II of Spain.
Abu Marwan Ibn Zuhr - Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik Ibn Zuhr was born at Seville in 1091/c. 1094 C.E. After completing his education and specializing in medicine. Abu Marwan Ibn Zuhr
Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik Ibn Zuhr was born at Seville in 1091/c. 1094 C.E. After completing his education and specializing in medicine.
Ahmed Zewail - Egyptian chemist, winner of the 1999 Nobel Prize “for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy".
Ahmed Zewail
Egyptian chemist, winner of the 1999 Nobel Prize “for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy".
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Scientists and Scholars